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Autori: Kovačić, Damir; Pena, Marcela; Tsubokura, Hifumi; Maki, Atsushi; Mehler, Jacques
Naslov: Optical Topography And ERP Study Of Speech Perception Changes Following Cochlear Implantation: A Case Study
Izvornik: Conference on Implantable Auditory Prosthesis (CIAP)
Skup: Conference on Implantable Auditory Prosthesis (CIAP)
Mjesto i datum: Asilomar, Kalifornija, SAD, 17-22.08.2003.
Ključne riječi: Speech; Cochlear Implant; Brain Plasticity; Optical Topography
Sažetak:
Restoration of hearing in deaf people after cochlear implantation depends on intrinsic properties of the cerebral cortex to process new auditory sensory inputs. Of particular importance in the restoration of hearing is an ability to process speech and to establish a competent social communication. The exploration of the mechanisms underlying auditory learning in altered auditory systems can contribute to the understanding of the brain organization. This study explores the brain activity following a cochlear implantation (CI) in a profoundly deaf adult using two neuroimaging techniques. We explored phonological discrimination using event related potential (ERP) and language discrimination using optical topography (OT). The participant was tested in both linguistic tasks once a month in the period of 4 months. During this period, the participant underwent a speech rehabilitation program based on the verbotonal method. A first evaluation was done 7 weeks after the implantation surgery and 2 weeks after the first set-up of the implant. In order to avoid data artifacts caused by the cochlear implant which was located on his right side of the head, we restricted the recordings of both ERP and OT to the left side of the head. ERP recorded the brain electrical responses during vowel and consonant-vowel (CV) syllable discrimination in a mismatch paradigm. OT reflects the brain hemodynamic responses, through the estimation of changes of the concentration of total-hemoglobin (total-Hb). OT was recorded over the left hemisphere (LH) during a language discrimination task in which participant had to classify a set of sentences to three possible categories: 1) Croatian language, which corresponded to his native language (L1) ; 2) English language (L2) or 3) non-language (NONL), which corresponded to Croatian sentences played reversed in time. Significant differences in phonological and language discrimination were observed over time in both behavioral and imaging results. Brain activity changes during early adaptation to the new sensory inputs are discussed. In the extension, this study demonstrate the possibility to use optical topography to study brain organization in the CI users, which has some advantages over other imaging techniques such as fMRI (magnetic and noise interference), MEG (data artifacts due to magnetic interference) or PET (invasiveness).
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: 0207002
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



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