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Autori: Petrovečki, Mladen; Bilić-Zulle, Lidija
Naslov: Prevalence, Features and Attitudes About Plagiarism in Biomedical Sciences: A Pilot Study
Izvornik: 2002 Research Conference on Research Integrity - Abstracts
Skup: 2002 Research Conference on Research Integrity
Mjesto i datum: Potomac, SAD, 16-18.11.2002.
Ključne riječi: Ethics; Medical; Fraud; Intellectual property; Copyright; Plagiarism; Scientific Integrity; Scientific Misconduct
Sažetak:
Objective: Investigation of attitudes and behavior of medical students on plagiarism, fraud and scientific misconduct. We present preliminary data based on survey conducted among second year medical students. Design: Students answered to six comprehensive questions about possible (fictitious) cases dealing with misconduct. Up to date of abstract submission two cases were revealed: plagiarism case with student copying a seminar paper, and fraud with MD writing results of routine physical examination before surgery as normal while hasn't done it. Results: Survey completely filled 105/115 students. Plagiarism was found unethical in 100 students and fraud case in 97 students, with no difference between groups (p=0.391). Thirty-one percent of students thought that plagiarism case had reasonable excuse, while only 13% of them thought that fraud had reasonable excuse (p=0.003). No significant difference was found between cases considering attitude: 66% of students would do the same in plagiarism case and 59% of students in fraud case (p=0.294). Also, 78% of students in plagiarism case and 68% in fraud case (p=0.115) reported having heard about such a case or even witnessing it. Interestingly, about 85% of students considered that subjects in both cases should be punished, with no significant difference in proportions (p=0.925). This suggests that students opinion on cases is mostly correct, basically &#8211 ; students find cases not ethical. But, it seems that students felt that case subjects did not perform serious and dangerous actions, i.e., they found cases trivial. Indeed, although 66% (plagiarism) and 59% (fraud) students said they would do it, all of them (99% in both cases) agree they would do it rarely, only under the exceptional circumstances. Conclusions: Lack of knowledge in recognizing scientific and academic misconduct and distinguishing it from criminal act implicates that medical students need further education in research integrity.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: 0062044
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni



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