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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 236112


Autori: Vinković, Dejan; Garaj, Slaven; Lim, P. L.; Kovačić, Damir; Zgrablić, Goran; Andreić, Željko
Naslov: Global Electrophonic Fireball Survey: a review of witness reports - I
Izvornik: WGN, Journal of International Meteor Organisation (1016-3115) 30 (2002), 6; 244-257
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: Fireball; Electrophonic sound; Meteor; GEFS
Despite more than 300 years since its first scientific description, the phenomenon of electrophonic sounds from meteors still eludes complete physical explanation. According to accepted knowledge, the sound itself is created by strong electric fields on the ground induced by the meteor. Nonetheless, there is no convincing theory that can fully explain how a meteor can generate such strong electric field. The extreme rareness of the phenomenon has prevented a substantial experimental work so far ; thus, consequently, it remains on the margins of scientific interest. This is quite unfortunate since these electric fields suggest the existence of highly complex electromagnetic coupling and charge dynamics between the meteors and the ionosphere. Therefore, the existing theoretical work relies mostly on the witness reports. The Global Electrophonic Fireball Survey (GEFS) is the first systematic survey of witness reports of these sounds with standardized questionnaire designed exclusively for this phenomenon. Here we present the overall picture of the phenomenon that emerged after almost 100 reports collected by GEFS. It becomes clear now that the lower meteor brightness limit is about magnitude -2^m, suggesting a bias in the existing electrophonic sounds catalogues toward brighter meteors. In contrast to the current belief that such low brightness electrophonic meteors produce transient sounds, we find that they can also produce sustained sounds. The current theories cannot accommodate these results. We revive the old idea that the electrophonic sounds can be created by the corona discharge mechanism, in addition to the existing prevalent suggestion of resonant vibration of object on the ground.
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
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Google Scholar: Global Electrophonic Fireball Survey: a review of witness reports - I

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