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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 516677

Zbornik radova

Autori: Žunić, Alen
Naslov: Islamic Architecture in 20th Century in Croatia - Issues of Assessment and Architectural Interpretation
Izvornik: Book of Conference Abstracts - Importance of Place [4th H&mH Conference, CICOP] / Kudumović, L. ; Idrizbegović-Zgonić, A. (ur.). - Sarajevo : CICOPBH, Arhitektonski fakultet u Sarajevu, Građevinski fakultet u Sarajevu , 2011. 301-302.
Dio CC časopisa: NE
ISSN: 2232-9072
Skup: The Importance of Place - The 4th International Conference on Hazards and Modern Heritage [CICOP]
Mjesto i datum: Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina, 13.-16. 06. 2011.
Ključne riječi: Islamic architecture; modern and contemporary mosques
Taking into account the fact that the last Islamic historical buildings in Croatia were constructed during the Turkish rule (before 1687), it is quite unusual that it took 250 years for the next layer of Islamic architecture to appear, when a greater Bosnian community formed in Zagreb between two world wars. After the unsuccessful initiatives for construction of Zagreb mosque in 1908 and 1912 the first mesdžid with a simple decoration was opened in 1935 in the adapted apartment in Tomašićeva Street 12. Right after the foundation and the ‘action committee’ for the construction of the Zagreb mosque were established in 1937-1938, various locations were consider for the site of the new place of worship in the immediate city center (from Upper Town, to Gupčeva zvijezda district and the Botanical Gardens). In the end, the City Hall approved a lot in the Zelengaj district. The design for a huge mosque with a dome, two minarets and somewhat hybrid details resembling Persian architecture was created in 1939-1940 by the painter Omer Mujadžić. The second, much more modern project was created by architect Zvonimir Požgaj together with Mujadžić in 1940-1941, but the construction never took place because of the war. Very affirmative, but ideologized attitude of Independent State of Croatia towards this project of the Islamic community resulted in conversion of Meštrović’s Art Pavillion into a mosque (1942-1944) based on the relevant design by architect Stjepan Planić and Zvonimir Požgaj, and with a huge investment by the state of 32.5 million kuna. Along with the aesthetic interior with a stylized Islamic and ‘ancient Croatian’ (sic!) decorative matrix with a wattle, the strongest accents of the new ‘Pavelić’s mosque’ were three slender minarets that were removed by the communist authorities in 1948-1949, when the building was restored to its original purpose of being a museum. The issue of the construction of a mosque in Zagreb was again raised after a few decades, so in 1970 the architect Juraj Neidhardt created an exceptional, but unfortunately never built project of a mosque complex on the location Srebrnjak-Bijenička St, below Mirogoj cemetery. In the end, the new Zagreb mosque with avant-garde parabolic domes was built next to Folnegovićevo naselje district between 1979 and 1987, based on the project of architect Džemal Ćelić and Mirza Gološ. Along with this one, there is one more conventionally designed mosque in Croatia, the one in Gunja near Županja (1969). The construction of a modernly designed Islamic Center in Rijeka, based on the design of sculptor Dušan Džamonja, is currently in preparation. Insufficient knowledge of the Islamic heritage in Croatia in the assessment of modern mosque architecture opens a series of interpretation doubts on the aesthetical and symbolical level.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: 054-0543089-2967
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Arhitektura i urbanizam
Puni text rada: 516677.uni_sarajevengldoc (tekst priložen 19. Lip. 2011. u 20:35 sati)
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