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Bibliographic record number: 181403

Chapter/Paper in a book

Authors: Vahčić, Nada; Hruškar, Mirjana
Title: Novel foods in Croatia - laws and regulations
( Novel foods in Croatia - laws and regulations )
Book: Current Studies of Biotechnology, Food, Vol III
Editor/s: Kniewald, Zlatko
Publisher: Croatian Society of Biotechnology and Medicinska Naklada
City: Zagreb
Year: 2003
Page range:: 393-398
ISBN: 953-176-209-0
Keywords: food legislation, GMOs
( food legislation, GMOs )
Abstract:
Several international organizations as WHO, OECD, FAO, ILSI and Commission of the European Communities have addressed from 1991 until 1997 the issues associated with the safety assessment of novel foods and, in the present context, genetically modified plants and micro-organisms. It is generally agreed that such an assessment requires an integrate and stepwise, case-by-case approach and some authorities have developed decision trees to assist in determining the extend of testing required in specific cases. The Novel Food Regulation (European Parliament and Council Regulation 258/97) lays down detailed rules for the authorisation of novel foods and novel food ingredients. It defines novel foods as foods and food ingredients that were not used to a significant degree in the EU before May 15, 1997, which fall into following specific categories: containing or consisting of GMOs, or produced from but not containing GMOs, with a new intentionally modified primary molecular structure, or consisting of or isolated from plants or animals, except for foods and food ingredients obtained by traditional propagating or breeding practices with a history of safe use, or to which a production process not currently used has been applied, where the process changes the composition or structure of the food or food ingredient significantly. Companies that want to place a novel food on the European Union (EU) market need to submit their application in accordance with Commission Recommendation 97/618/EC that concerns the scientific information and the safety assessment report required. By April 2002 six non-GM novel foods were approved to be commercialised in the EU. In Croatia the question of novel foods, novel food control and genetically modified food and feed are the current major problem not solved. There was no relevant laws, regulations or rules to ensure adequate safeguards are put in place to ensure that the consumer remains protected. This review deals with the question, what the government and responsible ministry are doing to ensure safety in this moment and in the future.
Project / theme: 0058018
Original language: eng
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Food processing technology



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