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Bibliographic record number: 590844

Journal

Authors: Ivančić, Ingrid; Godrijan, Jelena; Pfannkuchen, Martin; Marić, Daniela; Gašparović, Blaženka; Đakovac, Tamara; Najdek, Mirjana
Title: Survival mechanisms of phytoplankton in conditions of stratification induced deprivation of orthophosphate: Northern Adriatic case study
Source: Limnology and oceanography (0024-3590) 57 (2012), 6; 1721-1731
Paper type: article
Keywords: APA ; phytoplankton ; lipids
Abstract:
Phytoplankton abundance in the northern Adriatic during the summer 2008 indicated that the system was highly productive, in spite of low orthophosphate (PO4) concentrations. Mechanisms by which phytoplankton adapted to PO4 deprivation during the summer stratification were studied. In upper, more productive waters phytoplankton induced high alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) to obtain phosphorus from the dissolved organic pool, and the P turnover time mediated by phytoplankton APA was very short (2 min-1.5 h). High affinity enzymatic activity combined with high hydrolysis rates enabled metabolic flexibility to the phytoplankton in this heterogeneous and fluctuating environment. Another possible mechanism of adaptation to the PO4 deficit during the summer was a shift towards smaller cells. The smaller nanophytoplankton, supported by higher surface:volume ratios, is presumably able to produce more alkaline phosphatase, an exoenzyme bound to the cell surface. Progressive decrease of large cells and increase of smaller cells in the phytoplankton community during summer supported this hypothesis. In upper waters with low PO4 concentrations, phytoplankton reduced their P demand by a preferential synthesis of non phospholipids. In bottom waters phytoplankton abundance was markedly lower than in upper waters and growth was probably light limited. In these deeper waters with higher PO4 concentrations, phytoplankton did not use APA to obtain phosphorus and able to synthesize more phospholipids. In deeper waters growth of bigger cells was favored.
Project / theme: 098-0982705-2729, 098-0982705-2731, 098-0982934-2717
Original language: ENG
Citation databases: Current Contents Connect (CCC)
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Geology
Full paper text: 590844.Ivancic_LO.pdf (tekst priložen 2. Stu. 2012. u 14:41 sati)
URL: http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_57/issue_6/1721.html
Broj citata:
Altmetric:
DOI: 10.4319/lo.2012.57.6.1721
URL cjelovitog rada:
Google Scholar: Survival mechanisms of phytoplankton in conditions of stratification induced deprivation of orthophosphate: Northern Adriatic case study
Contrib. to CROSBI by: ingrid@irb.hr (ingrid@irb.hr), 30. Kol. 2012. u 12:58 sati



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