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Bibliographic record number: 303802

Journal

Authors: Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Šlaus, Mario; Demo, Željko
Title: Sex determination using teeth dimensions in a Croatian medieval population
Source: J Dent Res. 2007 ; 86(Spec ISS A): Abstract number 2843
ISSN: 0022-0345
Meeting: 85th General sessio85th General session & exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, March 21-24, 2007, New Orleans, Lousiana, USAn & exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research
Location and date: New Orleans, Lousiana, SAD, 21. - 24. 3. 2007
Keywords: paleostomatologija; odontometrija; Srednji vijek; Hrvatska
Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of teeth dimensions like a tool for sex determination in archaeological investigations and answering the following questions: 1) which tooth type is most suitable for determination of sex, 2) which tooth dimension provides the best sex discrimination and 3) how antemortem and postmortem damages influence on teeth and their dimensions. METHODS: Research was carried out on 49 skulls (25 males and 24 females) from the medieval cemetery in eastern Croatia. Sex of the skulls was previously established on the basis of cranial and postcranial morphology by an experienced forensic odontologist and anthropologist. Three dimensions of permanent teeth were measured: mesiodistal diameter of the tooth crown, mesiodistal diameter of the tooth cervix and buccolingual crown diameter. The multifactorial statistics were performed using the discriminant procedure in order to find which tooth and which dimension provides the best difference between sexes. RESULTS: Measurements were performed on 946 permanent teeth. Central incisors and third molars were the teeth with the highest prevalence of antemortem or postmortem tooth loss. Canines had the lowest prevalence of tooth loss and they are considered as most suitable for determination of sex. Mesiodistal diameter of the crown of the upper canine (males 7.6+/-0.6 mm ; females 7.4+/-0.5 mm) and mesiodistal diameter of the cervix of the same tooth (males 6.1+/-0.5 mm ; females 5.5+/-0.3 mm) were detected as variables providing the best sex discrimination. A discriminant function derived from these two variables provided 94.1% reliability in sex determination. CONCLUSIONS: Teeth are suitable for sex determination in investigations of archaeological populations. Dental wear and postmortem damages can reduce the number of available teeth. Each metric method for sex determination including odontometrics requires population specific standards.
Citation databases: Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Type of meeting: Poster
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: 065-0650445-0423, 101-1970677-0670
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Dental medicine,Theology,Fine arts science
Full paper text: 303802.2007_ABS_CC_New_Orleans_Vodanovic_-_Sex_determination_using_teeth.pdf (tekst priložen 16. Ožu. 2011. u 14:59 sati)
Contrib. to CROSBI by: Marin Vodanović (vodanovic@sfzg.hr), 21. Kol. 2007. u 11:18 sati



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