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Bibliographic record number: 378800


Authors: Vodanović, Marin; Šlaus, Mario; Savić, Ivana; Njemirovskij, Vera; Brkić, Hrvoje
Title: Periodontal health of an antique and medieval population from Croatia
Source: PEF IADR 2008 Conference : Book of abstracts ; u: Journal of Dental Research 87 (2008)(Spec Iss C) ; Abstract number 0526
ISSN: 0022-0345
Meeting: PEF IADR 2008 Conference
Location and date: London, Ujedinjeno kraljevstvo, 10.-12.09.2008.
Keywords: Periodontal health; Calculus; Bone loss; Archaeology; Medieval; Antique;
Calculus deposits are a significant contributing factor to periodontal disease which is usually characterized by alveolar bone loss, fenestrations and dehiscences. The purpose of this study is to assess the periodontal health of 174 individuals whose remains were excavated at six archaeological sites in Croatia: three date back to the antique period (4th-6th centuries): Vinkovci, Štrbinci, Osijek and three date back to the medieval period (7th-11th centuries): Glavice, Šibenik, Bijelo Brdo. The number of teeth with any degree of calculus was recorded and scored in six categories. Both the mandibular and maxillary alveolar surface areas were measured to determine the extent of alveolar bone loss as an indicator of periodontal disease. This was done by measuring the length of exposed root on the buccal side from the cemento-enamel junction to the resorbed surface on the maxilla or mandible. Alveolar bone fenestrations and dehiscences were recorded. Data was analyzed by Chi-square test and Student’ s t-test. P-values <0.05 were considered significant. The mean number of teeth per skull that had calculus was greater in the medieval than in the antique sample. Calculus scores were statistically significantly higher in the medieval sample (X2= 121.505), as was as alveolar bone loss (2.45± ; ; ; ; 1.28 mm in the antique sample and 3.45± ; ; ; ; 1.82 mm in the medieval sample). The prevalence of alveolar bone fenestration and dehiscence was also statistically significantly higher in the medieval sample. The presence or absence of calculus and periodontal disease appears to be related to dietary habits as well as to oral hygiene. The higher levels of calculus, alveolar bone loss and the prevalence of alveolar bone defects in the medieval population indicate a greater consumption of cereals and fibrous foods. Still, there is no clear evidence of knowledge about oral hygiene procedures in ancient times on Croatian territory.
Citation databases: Current Contents Connect (CCC)
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Type of meeting: Poster
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: 065-0650445-0423, 101-1970677-0670
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Dental medicine
Full paper text: 378800.2008_ABS_London_Vodanovic_-_Periodontal_health.pdf (tekst priložen 16. Ožu. 2011. u 15:38 sati)
Contrib. to CROSBI by: (, 19. Sij. 2009. u 08:48 sati

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