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Bibliographic record number: 379111

Journal

Authors: Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Šlaus, Mario
Title: Tooth wear and changes of tooth dimensions in two Croatian skeletal populations
Source: 14th International Symposium on Dental Morphology. Greifswald, Germany, August, 26-31, 2008. Book of abstracts, page 49.
Meeting: 14th International Symposium on Dental Morphology. Greifswald, Germany, August, 26-31, 2008.
Location and date: Greifswald, Njemačka, 26-31.08.2008.
Keywords: paleodontology; tooth wear; odontometrics
Abstract:
Two medieval skeletal populations with different dietary habits are examined in order to test the relationship between tooth wear and adaptive changes of tooth dimensions. Research has been carried out on the skeletal remains of 95 skulls excavated at the Bijelo Brdo (BB) site in continental Croatia and on the remains of 44 skulls from the Glavice (G) site in coastal Croatia. Samples dated to the 10th - 11th centuries. Tooth wear was scored in five grades. The mesiodistal diameter of the tooth crown (MDC), mesiodistal diameter of the tooth neck (MDN), buccolingual crown diameter (BLC) and crown height are measured and robustness of teeth is calculated. Measurements were only taken on permanent teeth without exposed dentine in the right maxillary (U) and mandibular (L) quadrants. Data was analyzed by Chi-square test and Student’ s t-test. The sample from continental Croatia showed statistically significant higher tooth wear (X2=68.7) as well as larger BLC diameter, MDN diameter and robustness of maxillary and mandibular first (P1) and second premolars (P2), p<0.05. The higher levels of tooth wear indicate a greater consumption of cereals and fibrous foods in the Bijelo Brdo population, which is confirmed with existing archaeological and historical data. Larger buccolingual crown diameter of premolars in the Bijelo Brdo sample (UP2 G 8.09± ; 0.65, BB 8.99± ; 0.60 ; UP1 G 8.12± ; 0.45, BB 8.89± ; 0.60 ; LP1 G 6.98± ; 0.65, BB 7.58± ; 0.62 ; LP2 G 7.34± ; 0.59, BB 8.03± ; 0.72) could be an adaptive change, however further investigations are needed to confirm this hypothesis.
Type of meeting: Poster
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: 065-0650445-0423, 101-1970677-0670
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Dental medicine
Full paper text: 379111.2008_ABS_Greifswald_Vodanovic_-_Tooth_wear.pdf (tekst priložen 16. Ožu. 2011. u 15:36 sati)
Contrib. to CROSBI by: vodanovic@sfzg.hr (vodanovic@sfzg.hr), 20. Sij. 2009. u 12:58 sati



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