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Bibliographic record number: 405702

Chapter/Paper in a book

Authors: Prijić - Samaržija, Snježana
Title: Ethics of Belief: To whom we should trust?
Book: Explanatory Gap (Essays in Memory of Nikola Grahek)
Editor/s: Arsenijević, Miloš ; Lazović, Živan
Publisher: Filozofski fakultet i Institut za filozofiju
City: Beograd
Year: 2007
Page range:: 89-105
Total pages in the book:: 184
ISBN: 978-86-86563-03-3
Keywords: ethics of belief, testimony, trust, evidence, personality theory, situational approach
Abstract:
Traditionally, the fundamental question of the ethics of belief is: what we should believe? When adapted for the domain of the epistemology of testimony, this question would be: In whom we should we trust? Concerning this point, the epistemologists are divided into two groups: those who hold that we should trust almost anybody, and those who hold that we have to be very cautious. In other words, whilst the first holds that trust is a kind of credulity without evidence, the second group holds that we should not trust without the appropriate evidence. In the first part of this paper, I briefly register the evidentialist’ s position about trust, or the stance that epistemically responsible trust is a matter of evidence. In the second part, I consider what kind of evidence would be appropriate to make trusting epistemically responsible. Then, by contrasting two opposite psychological theories – personality theory and a situational approach to explaining a person’ s behaviour – I, finally, offer a contextual approach as a position that could theoretically harmonize these opposing stances about what evidential support could ensure epistemically responsible trust.
Project / theme: 009-0091328-0943
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Philosophy
Contrib. to CROSBI by: sprijic@ffri.hr (sprijic@ffri.hr), 7. Lip. 2009. u 17:09 sati



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