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Bibliographic record number: 405721

Journal

Authors: Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Njemirovskij, Vera; Šlaus, Mario
Title: Human skull dimensions from antique to late medieval in continental Croatia
Source: Book of Abstracts - 6th ISABS Conference on Human Genome Project Based Applications in Forensic Science, Anthropology and Individualized Medicine, Split, Croatia, June 1-5, 2009. Book of abstracts: page 122.
Meeting: 6th ISABS Conference
Location and date: Split, Hrvatska, 1.-5.6.2009.
Keywords: paleodontology; skull dimension; antique; medieval; Croatia
Abstract:
Human evolution, mixing of nations during population movements, diseases and dietary pattern can induce changes of bone dimensions. Aim: to evaluate changes in skull dimensions during the period from antique (A) and early medieval (EM) to late medieval (LM). Methods: six standard cephalometric dimensions were measured on 255 adult skulls from continental Croatia. Results: LM males showed statistically significant higher values of transverse (Euryon-Euryon: A 138.7± ; 6.0 mm, EM 137.6± ; 5.2 mm, LM 149.6± ; 6.6 mm) and vertical (Nasion-Prosthion: A 68.0± ; 2.0 mm, EM 70.5± ; 4.0 mm, LM 71.8± ; 4.4 mm and Nasion-Gnathion: A 107.5± ; 15.4 mm, EM 117.9± ; 6.0 mm, LM 120.1± ; 10.1 mm) diameter of the skull. The mid-sagittal diameter (Opisthocranion-Glabella) was statistically significant lower in LM than in the A and EM sample (A 181.0± ; 7.0 mm, EM 183.5± ; 4.8 mm, LM 175.3± ; 6.6 mm). LM females showed statistically significant higher values of transverse diameter of the skull (Euryon-Euryon: A 133.5± ; 5.4 mm, EM 129.6± ; 6.5 mm, LM 142.5± ; 3.9 mm) and lower the mid-sagittal diameter (Opisthocranion-Glabella: A 178.9± ; 5.4 mm, EM 178.9± ; 6.8 mm, LM 168.7± ; 6.0 mm). Males from the LM period showed significant lower values of Gonion-Gonion distance (A 107.5± ; 7.1 mm, EM 103.1± ; 6.2 mm, LM 101.6± ; 6.8 mm). Conclusion. Changes of skull dimensions can be explained by population movement during the wars in the late antique – early medieval transition period. In this period new nations from the northern parts of Europe came in the continental Croatia and mixed with native people from antique times. Lower values of Gonion-Gonion distance in LM sample could indicate changes in dietary pattern.
Type of meeting: Poster
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: 065-0650445-0423
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Dental medicine,Archeology
Full paper text: 405721.2009_ABS_Split_Vodanovic_-_Human_skull_dimensions.pdf (tekst priložen 16. Ožu. 2011. u 15:30 sati)
Contrib. to CROSBI by: vodanovic@sfzg.hr (vodanovic@sfzg.hr), 7. Lip. 2009. u 17:27 sati



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