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Bibliographic record number: 506183

Journal

Authors: Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Njemirovskij, Vera; Galić, Nada; Šlaus, Mario
Title: Periapical Health of Croatian Populations during the Late Antique – Early Middle Ages Transition
Source: 14th Biennial Congress of the European Society of Endodontology, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, September 23 - 27, 2009. Book of abstracts: abstract number: 40.
Meeting: 14th Biennial Congress of the European Society of Endodontology, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, September 23 - 27, 2009.
Location and date: Edinburgh, Velika Britanija, 23.-27.09.2009.
Keywords: periapical health; paleodontology; Croatia
Abstract:
Aim. Historical data indicate that the transition from the Late Antique (LA) to the Early Medieval (EM) period had detrimental effect on health of populations living in the area of today’s Croatia. The purpose of this study is to analyze periapical health at the transition from the LA (3-5 centuries AD) to the EM (6-10 centuries AD) period in Croatia. Methodology. The osteological material analyzed in this study was divided into two composite skeletal series originated from 11 sites located in continental Croatia, and along the eastern Adriatic coast. The LA series consists of 193 skeletons and the EM series of 321 skeletons. Periapical lesions were diagnosed macroscopically ; their frequency, size and localization was registered. Results. Adult frequencies range from 8.8% in the LA series to 20.1% in the EM series. There was a significant difference in the frequencies of the periapical lesions between the LA and EM series (χ2=4.27, df=1, p<0.05). In both series, males exhibit higher frequencies than females, but there was no statistical significant difference. Periapical lesions in the subadult population (<15 years) were not found. The most affected tooth was the first molar both in the maxilla (17.0%) and mandible (28.0%). In the LA series 27.8% of the lesions were smaller than 3 mm in diameter, 69.4% were between 3 and 7 mm, and 2.8% larger than 7 mm. In the EM series 23.4% of the lesions were smaller than 3 mm, 56.3% were between 3 and 7 mm, and 20.3% larger than 7 mm. 93.0% of the lesions were apical lesions and 7.0% were lateral defects. Conclusion. EM series show significant higher frequencies of periapical lesions and larger dimensions of the defects. Exacerbation of periapical and oral health status confirms historical data about deterioration of living conditions during the EM period.
Type of meeting: Poster
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: 065-0650445-0423, 065-0650444-0418
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Dental medicine
Full paper text: 506183.2009_ABS_Edinburgh_Vodanovic_-_Periapical_health.pdf (tekst priložen 16. Ožu. 2011. u 15:29 sati)
Contrib. to CROSBI by: vodanovic@sfzg.hr (vodanovic@sfzg.hr), 15. Ožu. 2011. u 13:45 sati



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