crta
Hrvatska znanstvena Sekcija img
bibliografija
3 gif
 Home
 About the project
 FAQ
 Contact
4 gif
Browsing
Basic search
Advanced search
Statistical data
Other bibliographies
Similar projects
 Catalogues and databases

Bibliographic record number: 539871

Journal

Authors: Belščak-Cvitanović, Ana; Durgo, Ksenija; Gačina, Tea; Horžić, Dunja; Franekić, Jasna; Komes, Draženka
Title: Comparative study of cytotoxic and cytoprotective activities of cocoa products affected by their cocoa solids content and bioactive composition
Source: European food research and technology (1438-2377) 234 (2012), 1; 173-186
Paper type: article
Keywords: antioxidant activity; cocoa; cytotoxicity; non fat cocoa solids; polyphenols; principal component analysis
Abstract:
Polyphenolic profile and antioxidant properties of water extracts of milk, semisweet and dark chocolates, as well as cocoa liquor were determined and examined for potential biological activity. Non fat cocoa solids (NFCS), phenolic compounds content and the antioxidant capacity of cocoa product extracts were determined using UV/Vis spectrophotometric methods and HPLC analysis. The increase in NFCS was consistent with the increase in polyphenol content and antioxidant properties. Methylxanthines, theobromine and caffeine constituted the most abundant bioactive compounds, followed by flavan-3-ols epicatechin and procyanidin B2. Cytotoxic and antioxidative/prooxidative effect of cocoa product extracts were determined on human laryngeal carcinoma cell line (HEp2). Cocoa liquor containing the highest NFCS, exhibited the lowest HEp2 cell viability, while milk chocolate characterized by the lowest NFCS exhibited no cytotoxic effect. Experiments revealed a strong relationship between the type of product/concentration/time of exposure and antioxidant/prooxidant character of cocoa products. Lower concentrations of semisweet, dark chocolate and cocoa liquor induced an significant increase in ROS formation, while the higher concentrations resulted with a decrease in ROS formation when compared to control (growth medium). Principal component analysis (PCA) of the obtained results revealed specific grouping of samples (milk chocolate and cocoa liquor), while the observed dispersions indicated that the outcome of cytotoxic and cytoprotective activities of cocoa products are greatly affected by their concentration.
Project / theme: 058-0000000-3470, 058-0582261-2246
Original language: ENG
Citation databases: Current Contents Connect (CCC)
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Biotechnology,Food processing technology
URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/ht702h6814u030m5/
Broj citata:
Altmetric:
DOI: 10.1007/s00217-011-1632-4
URL cjelovitog rada:
Google Scholar: Comparative study of cytotoxic and cytoprotective activities of cocoa products affected by their cocoa solids content and bioactive composition
Contrib. to CROSBI by: abelscak@pbf.hr (abelscak@pbf.hr), 15. Stu. 2011. u 08:33 sati



  Print version   za tiskati


upomoc
foot_4