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Bibliographic record number: 953598

Journal

Authors: Voučko, B., Benković, M., Čukelj, N., Drakula, S., Novotni, D., Balbino, S., Ćurić, D.
Title: Influence of cryo-grinding on antioxidant activity and amount of free phenolic acids, rutin and tyrosol in whole grain buckwheat and pumpkin seed cake.
Source: International science index 20 2018Pariz, Francuska :
Meeting: The 20th international research conference proceedings
Location and date: Pariz, Francuska, 27-28, 2018
Keywords: bioactive, ball-mill, buckwheat, cryo-milling, pumpkin seed cake.
Abstract:
Oxidative stress is considered one of the causes leading to metabolic disorders in humans. Therefore, the ability of antioxidants to inhibit free radical production is their primary role in the human organism. Antioxidants originating from cereals, especially flavonoids and polyphenols, are mostly bound and indigestible. Micronization damages the cell wall which consecutively results in bioactive material to be more accessible in vivo. In order to ensure complete fragmentation, micronization is often combined with high temperatures (e.g. for bran 200 °C) which can lead to degradation of bioactive compounds. The innovative non-thermal technology of cryo-milling is an ultra-fine micronization method that uses liquid nitrogen (LN2) at a temperature of 195 °C to freeze and cool the sample during milling. Freezing at such low temperatures causes the material to become brittle which ensures the generation of fine particles while preserving the bioactive content of the material. The aim of this research was to determine if production of ultra-fine material with cryo-milling will result in the augmentation of available bioactive compounds of buckwheat and pumpkin seed cake. For that reason, buckwheat and pumpkin seed cake were ground in a ball mill (CryoMill, Retch, Germany) with and without the use of LN2 for 8 minutes, in a 50 mL stainless steel jar containing one grinding ball (Ø 25 mm) at an oscillation frequency of 30 Hz. The cryo-milled samples were cooled with LN2 for 2 minutes prior to milling, followed by the first cycle of milling (4 minutes), intermediary cooling (2 minutes), and finally the second cycle of milling (further 4 minutes). A continuous process of milling was applied to the samples ground without freezing with LN2. Particle size distribution was determined using the Scirocco 2000 dry dispersion unit (Malvern Instruments, UK). Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH and FRAP method, while the total phenol content was determined using the Folin Ciocalteu method, using the UV/VIS spectrophotometer (Specord 50 Plus, Germany). The content of the free phenolic acids, rutin in buckwheat, tyrosol in pumpkin seed cake, was determined with an HPLC-PDA method (Agilent 1200 series, Germany). Cryo-milling resulted in 11 times smaller size of buckwheat particles, and 3 times smaller size of pumpkin seed particles than milling without the use of LN2, but also, a lower uniformity of the particle size distribution. Lack of freezing during milling of pumpkin seed cake caused a formation of agglomerates due to its high-fat content (21 %). Cryo-milling caused an augmentation of buckwheat flour antioxidant activity measured by DPPH test (23, 9 %) and an increase in available rutin content (14, 5 %). Also, it resulted in an augmentation of the total phenol content (36, 9 %) and available tyrosol content (12, 5 %) of pumpkin seed cake. Antioxidant activity measured with the FRAP test, as well as the content of phenolic acids remained unchanged independent of the milling process. The results of this study showed the potential of cryo-milling for complete raw material utilization in the food industry, as well as a tool for extraction of aimed bioactive components
Type of meeting: Ostalo
Type of presentation in a journal: Abstract
Type of peer-review: International peer-review
Project / theme: HRZZ IP 06 2016 3789
Original language: ENG
Category: Znanstveni
Research fields:
Food processing technology
Contrib. to CROSBI by: Bojana Voučko (bsmerdel@pbf.hr), 12. Ruj. 2018. u 09:01 sati
Remarks:
Rad je predstavljen na skupu u obliku e-postera i 10 minutne prezentacije.



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