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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 195023

Poglavlje/Rad u knjizi

Autori: Uzelac, Alan
Naslov: Reform of the Judiciary in Croatia and Its Limitations (Appointing Presidents of the Courts in the Republic of Croatia and the Outcomes)
( Reform of the Judiciary in Croatia and Its Limitations (Appointing Presidents of the Courts in the Republic of Croatia and the Outcomes) )
Knjiga: Between Authoritarianism and Democracy: Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia: Vol. I - Institutional Framework
Urednik/ci: Vujadinović, Dragica ; Veljak, Lino ; Goati, Vladimir ; Pavićević, Veselin
Izdavač: CEDET
Grad: Belgrade
Godina: 2003
Raspon stranica:: 303-329
ISBN: 86-903739-3-4
Ključne riječi: judiciary, Croatia, court presidents, reform
( judiciary, Croatia, court presidents, reform )
There is little doubt about the fact that the system of justice in the Republic of Croatia currently experiences a deep crisis. Among various reasons for present difficulties, one should particularly note the devastating effects of the last decade of the XXth century, the decade of war, instability and the authoritarian government in Croatia. However, although the reform of the system of justice currently enjoys top political priorities, its implementation meets difficulties from the very outset. The beginning of a comprehensive reform was marked by the decision of the Constitutional Court of March 2000, when the Court struck several provisions of the laws that regulated the role and status of judges, criticizing as unconstitutional the practice of the State Judicial Council in the appointment of judges. Among other annulled provisions, the Court also ruled that the SJC does not have constitutional powers to appoint the court presidents. At the end of 2000, the constitutional amendments and changes to the Courts Act and the Act on State Judicial Council introduced a new system of appointment and removal of judges and state attorneys. However, the new system encountered a strong opposition among those who were personally affected by the reform. This paper emphasizes the paradoxical turn in the roles played by the key actors: those judicial circles that could be attributed with a major responsibility for the poor state of judicial institutions are now converted into the victims of "violations of judicial independence" that invoke intervention by international human rights organizations (sometimes not without any success). The lack of determination for fundamental reforms mixed with systemic difficulties inherent to any judicial reform, as well as with post-Socialist misunderstanding of the principles of separation of powers and independence of justice may lead to poor chances of the success of the reformist endeavors.
Projekt / tema: 0066015
Izvorni jezik: eng
Kategorija: Znanstveni
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