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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 256084

Zbornik radova

Autori: Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Minichreiter, Kornelija
Naslov: 14C dating of early neolithic settlements in northern Croatia
Izvornik: ISRP-10 Book of AbstractsCoimbra, Portugal : IRPS , 2006. F-3.
Skup: 10th International Symposium on Radiation Physics
Mjesto i datum: Coimbra, Portugal, 17-22.9.2006.
Ključne riječi: 14C dating; archaeology; Neolithic; Starčevo culture; Croatia; Galovo; Zadubravlje
Sažetak:
Knowledge of the absolute age of a certain material is of great importance in archaeology, and one of the most well-known and most often used methods of absolute age determination of organic samples is the radiocarbon (14C) method. In the region of the Northern Croatia 66 settlements are known from the period of the Starčevo culture, the first Neolithic period in SE Europe, and 15 of them in the Sava River Basin around the city of Slavonski Brod. In this region two large and important archaeological sites from the Early Neolithic have been recently discovered. The first 14C dates from Zadubravlje – Dužine were presented in [1], and here we present the 14C dating of 9 charcoal samples from the Neolithic settlement Galovo in Slavonski Brod. The results are presented as the conventional 14C age expressed in years before present (BP), and as the range of calibrated calendar years (cal BC) [2]. The settlement Galovo in Slavonski Brod has been discovered in 1995. According to archaeological findings, it belongs to the Early Neolithic, more precisely, to the early phase (Linear A) of the Starčevo culture. It is one of the oldest localities in the Starčevo culture complex with a special ritual-burial area separated from its residential part. In the investigated part of the settlement the vertical stratigraphy revealed two phases of the settlement construction both dated by 14C to 6070 – 5630 cal BC. In this older phase, the ritual-burial area in its western part occupied a large area, what is justified by the position of the two wooden fences that divided the residential from the burial part of the settlement. In the younger phase (5380 – 4960 cal BC) the settlement expanded and the burial area became smaller. Combination of archaeological findings and 14C dates thus allowed a reconstruction of the 1000-yr long existence of one of the oldest Neolithic settlements in Croatia. 14C dates obtained also for the Neolithic settlement Zadubravlje - Dužine, 6000 – 5000 cal BC, indicate the simultaneous existence of both settlements [1], what has also been justified by the corresponding archaeological findings – both belong to the Linear A phase of the Starčevo culture. By using the 14C dating method we obtained the first absolute dates of the beginning of neolithization, i.e., the beginning of the Starčevo culture in Northern Croatia. Our dates, together with other 14C dates from various Neolithic settlements in Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia and Hungary can help in studies of the chronology of neolithization of south-east Europe.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Nema recenziju
Projekt / tema: 0197001, 0098014
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Fizika,Arheologija
Napomene:
cjeloviti rad poslan u tisak u Nucl.Instrum.Methods



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