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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 256927


Autori: Guberina, Branko; Horvat, Raul; Nikolić, Hrvoje
Naslov: Dynamical dark energy with a constant vacuum energy density
Izvornik: Physics Letters B (0370-2693) 636 (2006), (2); 80-85
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: dark energy
We present a holographic dark-energy model in which the Newton constant G_N scales in such a way as to render the vacuum energy density a true constant. Nevertheless, the model acts as a dynamical dark-energy model since the scaling of G_N goes at the expense of deviation of concentration of dark-matter particles from its canonical form and/or of promotion of their mass to a time-dependent quantity, thereby making the effective equation of state (EOS) variable and different from − 1 at the present epoch. Thus the model has a potential to naturally underpin Dirac's suggestion for explaining the large-number hypothesis, which demands a dynamical G_N along with the creation of matter in the universe. We show that with the aid of observational bounds on the variation of the gravitational coupling, the effective-field theory IR cutoff can be strongly restricted, being always closer to the future event horizon than to the Hubble distance. As for the observational side, the effective EOS restricted by observation can be made arbitrary close to − 1, and therefore the present model can be considered as a “ minimal” dynamical dark-energy scenario. In addition, for nonzero but small curvature (|Ω k0|<0.003), the model easily accommodates a transition across the phantom line for redshifts z<0.2, as mildly favored by the data. A thermodynamic aspect of the scenario is also discussed.
Projekt / tema: 0098011, 0098002
Izvorni jezik: ENG
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bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
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Google Scholar: Dynamical dark energy with a constant vacuum energy density

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