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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 344146

Poglavlje/Rad u knjizi

Autori: Vlatka Zoldoš Pećnik
Naslov: Genome Organization and Evolution in Genus Quercus (Fagaceae): Special Attention to Two European White Oaks Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. and Q. robur L.
Knjiga: Plant Genome: Biodiversity and Evolution
Urednik/ci: A.K. Sharma and A. Sharma
Izdavač: Science Publishers
Grad: Enfield, New Hampshire, USA
Godina: 2008
Serija: Volume 1, Part E
Raspon stranica:: 43-78
Ukupni broj stranica u knjizi:: 398
ISBN: 978-1-57808-507-1
Ključne riječi: evolution, gene flow, genome organization, genetic differentiation, interspecific hybridization, karyotypes, molecular markers, systematics, phylogeny, Quercus
Sažetak:
Quercus is a fascinating tree genus. Even on the face value, oaks are impressive because of their immense size and very long lifespan. TOak trees are of enormous economical, antrophological and ecological significance. With around 600 species this is the most species-rich genus in the family Fagaceae, which in whole comprises around 1000 species. Oaks are widespread from the temperated zone of the Northern Hemisphere to Mediterranean and subtropical zone. The oaks probably represent the most extensively studied genus by different specialists, such as population geneticists, tree breeders, sylviculturists, cytogeneticists, molecular biologists and plant physiologists. The tremendous morphological diversity of oaks varies from deciduous to evergreen trees and shrubs. There are common cases where pairs of oaks show clear morphological and ecological differences but are poorly differentiated on genetic level, as for example the most popular and predominant European white oaks, Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl. and Q. robur L. They can hybridize in nature, as many pairs of oak species of different taxonomical sections, and still remain distinct morphologically. Therefore, the concept of biological species has been questionable as far as oaks are concerned, and a new concept of multispecies or ecological species has been proposed. This rewiev has been restricted to Q. petraea and Q. robur with respect to interspecific hybridization and gene flow for oak genome structure. However, these two oaks, and other oak species in general, are still insufficiently explored in terms of molecular structure of their genomes. The present data will give a valuable image of oak genome structure, which will serve us guidelines in further research. Cytogenetic data is also scarce, but progress has been made recently in terms of chromosome number and genome size determination, karyotyping (after Giemsa C-banding and fluorochrome banding) and mapping of ribosomal DNA, retrotransposon-like sequences and telomeres on chromosomes of some oak species. Chromosomal and DNA maarkers are used across the genus Quercus to infer aout karyotype/genome evolution and speciation. Also, a first comprehensive genetic map is given for Q. roubur. In spite of the large volumes of literature published on oaks, this woody group of plants still requires further exploration.
Projekt / tema: 119-1191196-1224
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Pregledni
Znanstvena područja:
Biologija
Upisao u CROSBI: vzoldos@biolpmf.hr (vzoldos@biolpmf.hr), 8. Svi. 2008. u 11:49 sati



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