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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 352064

Časopis

Autori: Kokkevi, Anna E.; Arapaki, Angeliki A.; Richerdson, Clive; Florescu, Silvia; Kuzman, Marina; Stergar, Eva
Naslov: Further investigation of psychological and environmental correlates of substance use in adolescence in six European countries
Izvornik: Drug and Alcohol Dependence (0376-8716) 88 (2007), 2-3; 308-312
Vrsta rada: kratko priopcenje
Ključne riječi: adolescents; substance use; Europe; psychosocial correlates
Sažetak:
Aim. To study the multifactorial correlates of adolescents’ use of legal and illegal substances in six European countries and to assess whether a common pattern of factors exists irrespective of the countries’ different sociocultural backgrounds. Design Cross-sectional European school population survey (ESPAD) following standardized methodology. Participants National probability samples of 16-year-old high school students from Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Romania, Slovenia and the UK. Total sample 16, 445. Measurements. Anonymous questionnaire self-administered in the classroom. Self-reported use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Correlates examined: environmental, such as peer culture and family-related ; behavior-related such as antisocial behavior, truancy and anomie ; and psychological factors such as self-esteem and depressive mood. Findings. Separate logistic regressions for the two genders produced a set of psychosocial correlates common to the use of all legal and illegal substances. The strongest were peer and older sibling models of use, and peer-oriented lifestyle, followed by patterns of antisocial behavior and truancy. Family-related variables such as not living with both parents, parental monitoring and relationships with parents were less significant. Self-esteem and depressive mood were not significant. Girls’ use of substances, especially illegal ones, showed stronger associations than boys’ with a deviant behavior pattern. Few interactions between country and other correlates were significant. Conclusions. Common correlates can be identified across countries. Older siblings’ and peers’ substance have a strong impact on adolescents’ use. Preventive interventions should include all substances with addictive potential.
Projekt / tema: 005-0000000-0262
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Further investigation of psychological and environmental correlates of substance use in adolescence in six European countries
Upisao u CROSBI: marinakuzman@zvu.hr (marinakuzman@zvu.hr), 12. Svi. 2008. u 16:38 sati



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