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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 365642

Zbornik radova

Autori: Brdar, Ingrid; Rijavec, Majda; Miljković, Dubravka
Naslov: Life Goals and Well-Being - 'American Dream' in other Cultures
Izvornik: 4th European Conference of Positive Psychology : Book of abstracts / Brdar, Ingrid (ur.). - Rijeka : Faculty of Arts and Sciences , 2008. 97-97 (ISBN: 978-953-6104-66-6).
Skup: European Conference on Positive Psychology (4 ; 2008 ; Opatija)
Mjesto i datum: Opatija, Hrvatska, 01.-04.07.2008
Ključne riječi: life goals; well-being; cultural differences
Sažetak:
Kasser and Ryan (1993, 1996, 2001) distinguish between intrinsic goals (such as those involving emotional intimacy, community service, and personal growth), whose contents are hypothesized to be naturally consistent with human nature and needs, and extrinsic goals (such as those involving financial success, physical attractiveness, and social fame/popularity), which are less consistent with positive human nature. Pursuit of happiness focused on extrinsic aspirations, like wealth, image or fame, as a path to good life is often referred to as the American dream. Research has shown that these two types of goals relate in different ways to personal well-being (Kasser & Ryan, 1993, 1996, 2001 ; 1998 ; Ryan et al., 1999). The investment in, or success at intrinsic goals (those closely related to basic needs) is associated with enhanced well-being. On the other hand, investment in and/or success at extrinsic goals (those presumes to be unrelated to basic needs) does not enhance, and often detracts from, well-being. But we must not forget that people life aspirations partly reflect the cultural and economic systems in which they live. Some cultures give priority to the individual and others to the group. In individualistic cultures such as the United States, there is an emphasis on a person's internal feelings and thoughts, and the individual has relatively more freedom. In collectivistic cultures, priority is given to the group, person's family and friends. In addition to that, although research in western countries suggest that an emphasis on extrinsic goals has negative influence on well-being the generalizability of this effect has not as yet been widely tested. However, some research suggest that there may be a difference in meaning and effects of extrinsic goals in non-western countries.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Plenarno
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Nema recenziju
Projekt / tema: 009-0342618-2193
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
Upisao u CROSBI: ibrdar@ffri.hr (ibrdar@ffri.hr), 17. Ruj. 2008. u 18:05 sati



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