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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 372414

Časopis

Autori: Mudnić, Ivana; Modun, Darko; Brizić, Ivica; Vuković, Jonatan; Generalić, Ivana; Katalinić, Višnja; Bilušić, Tea; Ljubenkov, Ivica; Boban, Mladen
Naslov: Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves
( Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves )
Izvornik: Phytomedicine (0944-7113) 16 (2009); 462-469
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: Wild strawberry leaves; hawthorn; aqueous extract; vasodilation; phenolics
( Wild strawberry leaves; hawthorn; aqueous extract; vasodilation; phenolics )
Sažetak:
In contrast to the strawberry fruits, strawberry leaves as a source of bioactive compounds with potentially beneficial biological effects have been largely overlooked. In this study we examined direct, dose dependent effects of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves aqueous extract, in two experimental models and animal species, the isolated guinea pig hearts and rat aortic rings. Vasodilatory potential of the wild strawberry leaves extract was compared with vasodilatory activity of aqueous extract of hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha, L) leaves with flowers, which can be regarded as a reference plant extract with a marked vasodilatory activity. The extracts were analysed by their “ phenolic fingerprint” , total phenolic content and antioxidative capacity. Their vasodilatory activity was determined and compared in the intact, isolated aortic rings from 24 rats, that were exposed to the extracts doses of 0.06, 0.6, 6, and 60 mg/100 ml. Both extracts induced similar, dose dependent vasodilation. Maximal relaxation was 72.2 ± ; ; ; ; 4.4 % and 81.3 ± ; ; ; ; 4.5 %, induced by the strawberry and hawthorn extract, respectively. To determine vasodilatory mechanisms of the wild strawberry leaves extract, endothelium– denuded and intact rings exposed to NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME or cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin were used. Removal of the endothelium prevented and exposure to L-NAME or indomethacin strongly diminished the vasodilatatory response to the extract. In the isolated hearts (n=12), the wild strawberry extract was applied at concentrations of 0.06, 0.18, 0.6, and 1.8 mg/100 ml. Each dose was perfused for 3.5 minutes with 15 minutes of washout periods. Heart contractility, electrophysiological activity, coronary flow and oxygen consumption were continuously monitored. The extract did not significantly affect heart rate and contractility, main parameters of the cardiac action that determine oxygen demands, while coronary flow increased up to 45 % over control value with a simultaneous decrease of oxygen extraction by 34 %. The results indicate that the aqueous extract of wild strawberry leaves is an effective direct, endothelium dependent vasodilator, action of which is mediated by NO and cyclooxygenase products and which potency is similar to that of the hawthorn aqueous extract.
Projekt / tema: 216-2160547-0537, 011-2160547-2226
Izvorni jezik: eng
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Temeljne medicinske znanosti,Prehrambena tehnologija
URL Internet adrese: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2008.11.004
Broj citata:
Altmetric:
DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2008.11.004
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Cardiovascular effects in vitro of aqueous extract of wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca, L.) leaves
Upisao u CROSBI: imudnic@mefst.hr (imudnic@mefst.hr), 20. Stu. 2008. u 14:46 sati



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