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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 412961

Časopis

Autori: Hudek-Knežević, Jasna; Kardum, Igor
Naslov: Five-factor personality dimension and three health-related personality constructs as predictors of health
Izvornik: Croatian Medical Journal (0353-9504) 50 (2009), 4; 394-402
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: five-factor personality traits; negative experience; optimistic control; passivity; subjective health outcomes; chronic illnesses; serious illnesses; physical injuries
Sažetak:
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine how five factor personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness) and three higher-order health-related personality constructs (negative experience, optimistic control and passivity) are related to the self-reports of subjective health outcomes (positive and negative mood, physical symptoms and general health concern) as well as objective health conditions (chronic illnesses, serious illnesses and physical injuries). Methods: The study was carried on the sample of 822 participants (438 women and 384 men, from 18 to 84 years). Data were analyzed by hierarchical regression analyses when measures of subjective health outcomes were used as criterion variables, while binary logistic regression analyses were applied when objective health conditions were used as criterion variables. Results: Three health-related personality constructs significantly predict all subjective health measures above and beyond five-factor personality dimensions. Out of the five-factor personality dimensions neuroticism is a most consistently related to worse subjective health outcomes, while out of three health-related personality constructs negative experience is related to worse and optimistic control to better subjective health outcomes. When objective health conditions are taken into account as criterion variables, both sets of variables appear to be relatively weak predictors. Only five-factor personality traits as a group of variables significantly predict chronic illnesses (Chi-square = 15.06 ; d.f. = 5 ; P = 0.012 ; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.032). Only neuroticism significantly predicts the presence of chronic illnesses (Odds ratio = 1.091 ; 95.0 % confidence interval is 1.040 - 1.144), whereas only optimistic control is related to more frequent physical injuries caused by accidents (Odds ratio = 1.285 ; 95.0 % confidence interval is 1.002 - 1.648). Conclusion: Five-factor personality traits and three health-related personality constructs have partly unique effects on different measures of health outcomes and therefore, both should be considered in understanding personality-health relationship.
Projekt / tema: 009-0092660-2658
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Five-factor personality dimension and three health-related personality constructs as predictors of health
Upisao u CROSBI: kardum@ffri.hr (kardum@ffri.hr), 10. Lip. 2009. u 14:37 sati



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