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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 420630

Časopis

Autori: Bala, Gustav; Jakšić, Damjan; Katić, Ratko
Naslov: Trend of relations between morphological characteristics and motor abilities in preschool children
Izvornik: Collegium Antropologicum (0350-6134) 33 (2009), 2; 373-385
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: canonical analysis; morphological characteristics; motor abilities; preschool children
Sažetak:
Measurements of eight anthropometric characteristics and a battery of seven motor tests were applied in a large sample of 1170 children, 565 boys and 605 girls aged 4 to 7.5 decimal years from preschool institutions in three towns in Voivodina (Novi Sad, Sombor, and Bačka Palanka). Children were selected according to 0.5 decimal years in the mentioned age range. The status of boys and girls according to seven age categories, age-related differences between boys and girls, as well as the relations between anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities were analyzed by use of intercorrelation matrices and canonical correlation analysis. Generally, significant sex differences were found in anthropometric characteristics, i.e. the values of bone growth in length were higher in boys, while the values of voluminosity and subcutaneous fat tissue were higher in girls. Concerning the space of motor variables, there were significant differences in functioning of the mechanism of movement structuring, the mechanism of synergetic regulation, and the mechanism of excitation duration control, which reached higher values in boys, whereas the functioning of the mechanism of tonus regulation showed higher values in girls. These differences generated morphological and motor structures in boys and girls according to age groups analyzed whose relations showed variable level of statistical significance. The youngest and oldest ages showed generalness of the canonical factor structure, as well as the highest significance of participation in the common variance of the two spaces of the variables applied. Between the above ages, i.e. between 4 and 7 years, the relation between morphological characteristics and motor abilities in children decreased, followed by gradual increase. It was monitored by the coefficient of determination between the first pairs of canonical factors in each age category, in boys and girls alike. This relation tended to be higher in boys in all analyzed age categories except for the youngest age where a considerably higher relation was recorded between morphological and motor structure in girls. Such a result could be interpreted by the trend and growth/development level of morphological structure, development of motor structure, development of the central nervous system, as well as by physical activity that is more intensive in boys than in girls.
Projekt / tema: 315-0000000-3410
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita,Psihologija,Pedagogija
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Trend of relations between morphological characteristics and motor abilities in preschool children
Upisao u CROSBI: katic@kifst.hr (katic@kifst.hr), 27. Lip. 2009. u 12:15 sati



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