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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 563262

Časopis

Autori: Letica Crepulja, Marina; Salcioglu, Ebru; Frančišković, Tanja; Basoglu, Metin
Naslov: Factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in war-survivors displaced in Croatia
Izvornik: Croatian Medical Journal (0353-9504) 52 (2011), 6; 709-717
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: war survivors; refugees; trauma; PTSD; depression
Sažetak:
Aim To examine the role of perceived stressfulness of trauma exposure and economic, social, occupational, educational, and familial adaptation after trauma in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in displaced war survivors. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March 2000 and July 2002 with a sample of 173 internally displaced persons or refugees and 167 matched controls in Croatia. Clinical measures included Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. Results Displaced war survivors reported the exposure to a mean of 13.1 (SD=8.3) war stressors, including combat, torture, serious injury, death of close persons, loss of property. Compared to controls, they reported higher rates of marked to severe impact of war on family (16.2% vs 51.6%), social (7.2% vs 43.5%), economic (12.6% vs 55.4%), occupational (1.8% vs 15.9%), and educational (2.4% vs 8.8%) adaptation. In two logistic regression analyses, the strongest predictor of PTSD and depression was high level of perceived distress during trauma exposure. PTSD but not depression was associated with economic, social, occupational, educational, and familial adaptation after trauma. Conclusion Displaced survivors who experienced multiple war events perceived greater negative impact of war on their life domains compared to individuals who lived in a war setting but had no trauma exposure. Perceived stressfulness of war stressors was the most important determinant of psychological outcomes. Although post-trauma adaptation in different life spheres had an impact, its effect was not robust and consistent across disorders. These findings suggest that a trauma-focused approach in rehabilitation of war survivors would be effective.
Projekt / tema: 130-1301422-1418
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
URL Internet adrese: http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=116260
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in war-survivors displaced in Croatia
Upisao u CROSBI: tanjaf@medri.hr (tanjaf@medri.hr), 30. Stu. 2011. u 18:00 sati



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