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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 588576

Časopis

Autori: Katić, Ratko; Bala, Gustav; Barović, Zdenka
Naslov: Gender differentiations of cognitive-motor functioning in prepubertal and pubertal children
Izvornik: Collegium antropologicum (0350-6134) 36 (2012), 2; 563-572
Vrsta rada: članak
Ključne riječi: schoolgirls; schoolboys; age 10–14 years; cognitive-motor structures
Sažetak:
The aim of this study was to determine cognitive and motor status factors in female and male children aged 10-14, as well as developmental and/or integration functions according to gender. The study included 162 girls and 134 boys aged 10- 14, divided into four groups: 84 girls aged 10-12 (mean age 11.26, SD 0.68), 84 boys aged 10-12 (mean age 11.41, SD 0.50), 78 girls aged 13-14 (mean age 13.52, SD 0.63) and 50 boys aged 13-14 (mean age 13.21, SD 0.53). The significance of quantitative differences between boys and girls in the overall system of variables was defined based on the results of canonic discriminant analysis of variance, and within each variable based on the results on univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA). In the younger age group (10-12 years), girls were superior to boys in a test assessing flexibility (Seated straddle stretch), whereas, compared to girls, boys had greater strength of the trunk (Crossed-arm sit-ups), greater explosive strength of jump and sprint type (Standing broad jump and 20m dash), and coordination (Obstacle course backwards and Steps laterally). In the older age group (13-14 years) differences in flexibility were even more prominent in favor of girls, whereas the differences in explosive strength increased in favor of boys, especially of the throwing type with better agility (Steps laterally), balance (Board balance) and greater static strength of arms and shoulders (Bent-arm hang). In order to determine qualitative differences between pubertal and prepubertal girls and boys, the matrix of variable inter- correlations was factorized by the procedure of principal components procedure, that were then transformed to promax solution. The results showed that cognitive functioning had a significant role in the motor efficacy of girls and boys aged 10 to 14. In the age group of 10-12 years, in females, cognitive functioning is related to the motor system which integrates the regulation of muscle tone with agility/coordination, whereas in males there is a relation between cognitive abilities and the regulator of speed of upper extremities movement frequency. In the age group of 13-14 years, in females, cognitive functioning is involved in forming the factors for regulation of coordination and the intensity of energy mobilization in lower extremities, and to some degree, in the factor for regulation of intensity of energy mobilization in upper extremities and strength of the trunk, whereas in males the integration of synergetic regulation of movement in terms of balance and agility in terms of speed of direction change is carried out with significant involvement of cognitive abilities.
Projekt / tema: 315-0000000-3410
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Rad je indeksiran u
bazama podataka:
Current Contents Connect (CCC)
MEDLINE
Scopus
SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) (sastavni dio Web of Science Core Collectiona)
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija,Pedagogija,Etnologija i antropologija
URL Internet adrese: http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=126428
http://collegium.hrvatsko-antropolosko-drustvo.hr/_doc/Coll.%20Antropol.%2036%20%282012%29%202:%20563%E2%80%93572.pdf
URL cjelovitog teksta:
Google Scholar: Gender differentiations of cognitive-motor functioning in prepubertal and pubertal children
Upisao u CROSBI: katic@kifst.hr (katic@kifst.hr), 22. Srp. 2012. u 19:11 sati



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