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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 771779

Zbornik radova

Autori: Tomić, Draženko; Prskalo, Ivan
Naslov: Philosophy and establishing kinesiology
Izvornik: Physical Educaction and Sport - Competences for Life / Dasheva, Daniela ; Antala, Branislav ; Djobova, Stefka ; Kuleva, Milena (ur.). - Sofia : National Sports Academy “ Vassil Levski” , 2014. 837-841.
Skup: 9th FIEP European congress and 7th International scientific congress "Sport, stress, adaptation"
Mjesto i datum: Sofia, Bugarska, 09-12.10.2014.
Ključne riječi: science; philosophy; kinesiology; scientific method
In the article we have presented several periods in the history of science development. We have pointed out the discoveries of Greek cosmologists and the search for the first principles of the world. They derive their conclusions through observation. An important contribution to the development of society, culture and also religion was made by the Sophists who seek to examine man, laws and customs. Plato in his Republic notes that the state is a necessity which people are impelled to accept so as to fulfill their numerous needs, while Aristotel schematizes political systems in the Greek polis. We pointed out the emergence of the biological approach to kinesiological phenomena, the first experiments on muscle contraction as well as the application of mechanical laws to man. We have stressed especially the tendency during the Modern Age toward a new method in science and noted that it implies the description of all natural phenomena through mathematical relations, the conducting of systematic observations and experiments and also the verification of all hypotheses. In philosophy disciplines emerge which are the reverberations of a new method (positivism and neopositivism, logical empiricism as well as phenomenalism and others) and disciplines which return to the concept itself of life as something which exists, but also to a new method of measurement of the unattainable (vitalism, existentialism, and others). The development of physiology continued naturally and culminated in the 19th and 20th centuries. Knowledge attained significantly advanced the practice of kinesiology. It was noted that for each type of motor ability it is possible to compile manifold tests because human activity can be explained by not one sum of laws of individual sciences. We stressed that kinesiology, among other things, examines the effect of systems of anthropological features and capabilities upon motor efficiency in the separation of kinesiological activities and the effect of kinesiological impulses, which are composed of kinesiological operators and energy, on adaptation processes of the very same anthropological system and upon health and education. Thereby biases are neutralized in the solving of kinesiological issues. Kinesiological systems are in themselves interdisciplinary. To look upon them through the prism of only one scientific discipline or, for instance, only the natural or social sciences, sets scientific limits to kinesiology equally.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Cjeloviti rad (više od 1500 riječi)
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: 227-2271694-1696
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Ostalo
Znanstvena područja:
Upisao u CROSBI: Ivan Prskalo (, 1. Kol. 2015. u 11:56 sati

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