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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 776671

Zbornik radova

Autori: Bubić, Andreja; Sušac, Ana; Palmović, Marijan
Naslov: Exploring individuals’ perception of visual arts using eye movements
Izvornik: Book of Abstracts 5th Croatian Congress of NeuroscienceSplit : Croatian Society for Neuroscience, Croatian Insitute for Brain Research , 2015. 73-74.
Skup: 5th Croatian Congress of Neuroscience
Mjesto i datum: Split, Hrvatska, 17-19.09.2015.
Ključne riječi: aesthetics; eye movements; face inversion; Gestalt
Sažetak:
Understanding the cognitive processes underlying individuals’ appreciation of visual arts is of significant importance in modern cognitive sciences, and was explored within the two present research studies. Within the first study, we presented participants with three Giuseppe Archimboldo’s reversible paintings that could represent either human faces or, when inverted, still life with vegetables, fruits and meats. One group of participants viewed three chosen paintings in an upright, and another in an upside-down orientation. We compared how participants viewed three selected areas of interest within the painting when these could, and could not, be identified as a face or distinct facial element (eyes and mouth). The obtained results indicate that the participants fixated the parts of the painting that represent faces more in the upright than in the inverted orientation. Furthermore, in the upright orientation, the participants focused more on the upper AOIs (eyes) than the lower AOIs (mouth). This was not the case for the inverted orientation of two paintings, indicating the existence of the face inversion effect in this context. In the second study, we explored how participants viewed 12 Wassily Kandinsky’s paintings depending on whether they were familiar with the title of those paintings or not. The first group of participants was presented with a “museum-like” display in which the title was presented below the painting, allowing them to explore both the painting and the title as they pleased. The analysis of this group’s data allowed us to explore how participants use title information in a natural setting, indicating that they first visited the title 2.7 s after being presented with the painting and returned to it on average once later on. Next, we contrasted the behavioral ratings and viewing profiles of two additional groups, one of which viewed the paintings without knowing their titles and another that was familiarized with the title prior to viewing the paintings. The comparison of these groups’ data indicated that the participants who knew the titles liked the paintings more, and also visited the areas of the paintings associated with the title earlier than those unfamiliar with the title. Overall, these results indicate that eye movements may be used for studying cognitive processes underlying the perception of visual arts as they provide valuable insights into participants’ artistic experiences.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Nema recenziju
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Ostalo
Znanstvena područja:
Fizika,Temeljne medicinske znanosti,Psihologija
Upisao u CROSBI: Andreja Bubić (abubic@ffst.hr), 19. Ruj. 2015. u 18:19 sati



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