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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 836291

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Autori: Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea
Naslov: Conclusion consensuality and confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning
Izvornik: Metacognition 2016: Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Meeting of the EARLI Special Interest Group 16 Metacognition / Molenaar, I. ; Droop, M. ; Van den Hurk, M. ; Kielstra, J. (ur.). - Nijmegen : Radboud University Nijmegen , 2016. 120-121 (ISBN: 978-94-028-0279-5).
Skup: EARLI SIG-16 METACOGNITION
Mjesto i datum: Nijmegen, Nizozemska, 23.-26.08.2016.
Ključne riječi: syllogistic reasoning; confidence; answer consensuality; metareasoning
Sažetak:
In this study we explored the basis of confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning. Koriat (2008, 2012) reported that confidence judgments in answering general knowledge questions are correlated with the consensuality of the answer (the proportion of participants who choose the answer) rather than with its accuracy. If confidence judgments rely on similar types of processes in different domains of cognition, we expect these types of relationships to also hold in the domain of syllogistic reasoning. The main aim of this study was to explore the relationship between confidence judgments and conclusion consensuality in syllogistic reasoning. Three experiments were conducted. In the first paper-and-pencil experiment participants produced conclusions to 64 pairs of premises. In the second experiment participants evaluated 16 syllogisms. Conclusions varied with respect to validity (valid/invalid) and consensuality (consensual/nonconsensual). In the third experiment participants chose two conclusions for each of the 8 syllogistic problems. Confidence was related to item consensuality, rather than accuracy of answers. For consensually correct items, correlation between confidence and accuracy was positive, but for consensually incorrect items it was negative. Confidence was negatively correlated with response latency. The results indicate that reasoners, instead of monitoring their actual performance, rely on different types of non-diagnostic cues while making confidence judgments.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4139
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
Upisao u CROSBI: Valnea Žauhar (vzauhar@ffri.hr), 3. Lis. 2016. u 14:29 sati



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