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Autori: Šimić, Nataša; Gregov, Ljiljana; Nikolić, Matilda; Tokić, Andrea; Proroković, Ana
Naslov: Moral reasoning among Croatian adolescents with different levels of education
Izvornik: 19.World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Conference Proceedings / World Academy of Science, Engineering and Tecnology (ur.). - wasel.org : international scholarly scientific research and innovation , 2017. 1759-1759.
ISSN: 2010-3778
Skup: 19th International Conference on Psychology and Psychological Sciences
Mjesto i datum: Pariz, Francuska, 18-19.05.2017.
Ključne riječi: education, index of moral reasoning, Kohlberg's theory of moral development, moral reasoning
Sažetak:
According to the most popular theory of moral development (Kohlberg's theory), moral development takes place in six phases which can be divided in a pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional level. Among the moral development theories, the key concept is moral reasoning which Kohlberg defines as „the capacity to make decisions and judgments which are moral (i.e., based on internal principles) and to act in accordance with such judgments". In research to date, education has proved to be a significant predictor of moral reasoning. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in moral reasoning and Kohlberg's phases of moral development between Croatian adolescents with different levels of education. In Study 1 comparisons between the group of secondary school students aged 17-18 (N=192) and the group of university students aged 21-25 (N=383) were made. Study 2 included comparison between university students group (N=69) and non-students group (N=43) aged from 21 to 24 (these two groups did not differ in age). In both studies, the Croatian Test of Moral Reasoning by Proroković was applied. As a measure of moral reasoning, the Index of Moral Reasoning (IMR) was calculated. This measure has some advantages compared to other measures of moral reasoning, and includes individual assessments of deviations from the ‘optimal profile’. Results of Study 1. did not show differences in the IMR between secondary school students and university students. Both groups gave higher assessments to the arguments that correspond to higher phases of moral development. However, group differences were found for pre-conventional and conventional phases. As expected, secondary school students gave significantly higher assessments to the arguments that correspond to lower phases of moral development. Results of Study 2. showed that university students, in relation to non-students, have higher IMR. Respecting to phases of moral development, both groups of participants gave higher assessments to the arguments that correspond to the post-conventional phase. Consistent with expectations and previous findings, results of both studies did not confirm gender differences in moral reasoning.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Poster
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
Upisao u CROSBI: Nataša Šimić (nasimic@unizd.hr), 23. Lip. 2017. u 17:31 sati



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