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Autori: Barada, Valerija; Primorac, Jaka; Buršić, Edgar
Naslov: Creative workers in permanent crisis: Labouring in the area of contemporary culture and arts in Croatia
Skup: The Industrialization of Creativity and its Limits : Value, Self-expression and the Economy of Culture in Times of Crisis
Mjesto i datum: Sankt Peterburg, Rusija, 23.-24.06.2017.
Ključne riječi: cultural civil society organizations, labour conditions, precarity, creative labour, cultural work
Creative labouring in the area of contemporary culture and arts in Croatia is conducted in conditions of almost permanent crisis. Firstly, this sector is faced with global risks of creative labour (Hesmondhalgh and Baker, 2011 ; Huws, 2014), but secondly, it is situated in local emergent market of cultural and creative products (Švob-Đokić et al, 2008) and more importantly in the political setting and structural limitations of Croatian socio- economic crisis. This leaves individuals who are professionally engaged in civil society organizations (CSOs) in the field of contemporary culture and the arts in Croatia in an ambivalent social and labouring position. On the structural level, they represent the elite of the Croatian labour market and society as a whole, while on the individual level they are faced with precarity (Standing, 2011). Research results show that these members of the cultural and ‘creative class’ structurally represent a smaller part of the Croatian society as they have university degrees and were raised by university educated parents who work in the tertiary sector. Moreover, although the unemployment rate in Croatia is high, these creatives have found a working arrangement that enables them to have an employment with rather stable income. Despite the continuing economic crisis in Croatia, they have created a labour market niche for themselves in thethe state- funded civil society in the field of culture and the arts. On the individual level, their everyday personal and working life is characterized by precarious practices (Morgan et al, 2013 ; Ross, 2008). Their personal and working time have imploded in one ongoing never- ending labour process, where they are constantly involved in material and symbolic re/production (Barada, 2012). Although they do have a rather stable income, their income level is lower than of the other employed persons of the same educational level and it comes from several different funding sources, which keeps the creatives on the edge of legality. Because of working for a CSO, they are not eligible for mortgages or loans and furthermore are more prone to be single and childless. They are constantly multitasking, with more time allocating to financial and bureaucratic tasks, while their basic artistic and cultural interest are pushed aside. They have found themselves in an ‘iron cage of precarity’: they constantly work in order to provide themselves with options and possibilities to be able to continue working. Falling out of the production loop is not an option for labouring in the sector of culture and arts in Croatia. This paper is based on a mixed methods (Cresswell et al, 2007) empirical study conducted in 2014 and 2015 on the conditions of work in civil society organisations in the field of contemporary arts and culture in Croatia financed by the “Kultura Nova” Foundation. It consisted of two online questionnaires: the first one gathered data on institutional conditions of labour in civil society organizations in contemporary arts and culture (N=93), while the second one explored the issue of personal labour conditions of the employees in those organizations (N=111). The secondary data from the database of project applications from “Kultura Nova” Foundation was also analysed. Additionally, 22 semi-structured interviews were conducted with leaders of the longest-running CSOs in the arts and culture, thus providing a comprehensive take on labouring conditions and processes in contemporary arts and culture in Croatia.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Nije objavljen
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
URL Internet adrese:
Upisao u CROSBI: Valerija Barada (, 27. Lip. 2017. u 14:15 sati

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