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Autori: Kvesić, Valentina; Dodaj, Arta; Vukojević, Mladenka; Galić, Kristina; Varunek, Vesna
Naslov: The relationship between cortisol levels and optimism in patients with newly diagnosed cancer
Skup: 3rd Student Congress of Neuroscience
Mjesto i datum: Rijeka, Hrvatska, 26.-20. 04.2013.
Ključne riječi: cortisol, optimsm, cancer
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine correlation between op¬timism and cortisol levels in patients with newly diagnosed cancer in the University Clinical Hospital Mostar. We expect that there will be differ¬ences in the levels of cortisol in patients with newly- found malignancies in the levels of pessimism and optimism, nor in the distribution of age groups or by gender. Subjects and methods: The study included 30 (18 men and 12 wom¬en) patients with histologically verified diagnosis of malignant diseases of various systems that came on first inspection to the Department of On¬cology. Patients met briefly with the design and purpose of the research, and they were asked to participate in the study and signed an informed consent. In patients diagnostic methods did not found metastatic changes in the adrenal glands or the brain. The patients did not receive any corticosteroid agents or spironolactone, and did not suffer from Cushing’s or Addison’s syndrome. The purpose of this research a questionnaire with general information about the participants, which included questions that were related to their gender and age, education, marital status, satisfaction with health, information on religion, employment, and the financial condition. In order to test the level of optimism / pessimism applied the Croatian version of the Scale of optimism and pessimism (Chang, 1994 ; according Penezić, 2002). Purposes of evaluation styles of coping with stressful sit¬uations questionnaire used to cope with stressful situations (Eng. Coping Inventory for stressful Situations, CISS) (Endler and Parker, 1990a, 1990b ; according Soric and Proroković, 2002). The questionnaire is measuring coping styles as a stable personality trait (according Soric and Proroković, 2002. Checking the psychometric characteristics of the scale was found that the scale demonstrates satisfactory reliability of internal consistency, and types of test-retest (by Soric and Proroković, 2002). At our sample reliability of the scale is satisfactory and it was 0.84, and subscale ranges from 0.696 to 0, 83. Results: Analysis of the results showed no significant gender differ¬ences in the level of optimism and pessimism (Table 1). As for coping gen¬der differences were found only for coping subscale focused on the task. Men were achieved more results on this subscale than women. In order to determine whether the respondents in the studied variables with respect to age was made a division of the respondents into two groups: a group of young and elderly groups. No significant differences in measures of self- evaluation. Furthermore, the purpose of the study subjects were divided into groups of those high on the subscale of optimism and those low on the dimension of optimism. In order to determine subjects high and low on the optimism subscale scores were converted to values. The test showed no significant differences in cortisol levels between those high and low on optimism. They also tested the differences in the level of cortisol in those high and low on the subscale of pessimism. There were no significant differences in cortisol levels between those high and low on the subscale of pessimism. Both groups achieved baseline cortisol levels. There was no significant correlation between levels of optimism and cortisol levels as well as levels of pessimism and cortisol. In the total sample of patients with newly- found cancers were more optimistic. Conclusion: Given that we were doing research on a sample of pa¬tients with newly detected malignant disease of various organ systems that have not been exposed to the treatment of the malignant disease and did not have metastatic disease, we had a total sample of baseline cortisol, the more the scale of optimism, and we did not have differences in gender and ways of coping. Further research should include the dura¬tion of the disease or to make a comparative study on patients who were treated for a longer time malignancy.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Nema recenziju
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Upisao u CROSBI: Arta Dodaj (, 12. Ruj. 2017. u 06:36 sati

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