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Autori: Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea; Valerjev, Pavle
Naslov: Analytic thinking and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions
Izvornik: Current Trends in Psychology 2017 - Book of AbstractsNovi Sad : Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu , 2017. 93-93 (ISBN: 978-86-6065-434-4).
Skup: 978-86-6065-434-4
Mjesto i datum: Novi Sad, 19-21.2017.
Ključne riječi: analytic thinking, overconfidence, psychological misconceptions
Sažetak:
Analytic thinking style is related to various beliefs and attitudes, including religious disbelief and scepticism toward paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs (Pennycook, Fugelsang& Koehler, 2015). In this study we examined the relationship between analytic (vs. intuitive) thinking style and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions among psychology students. A total of 365 undergraduate and graduate psychology students from four universities participated in the study. Actively Open-minded Thinking scale, Need for Cognition scale and Epistemic Preference Indicator were used as measures of thinking styles. Students also completed a 64-item questionnaire about psychological misconceptions and rated their confidence for each answer. Finally, the Paranormal Belief Scale was used. It included three subscales: superstitious beliefs, religious beliefs and paranormal beliefs. The results revealed that graduate students endorsed less misconceptions than undergraduate students (t(327) = 12.68, p < .01) , and that they were less overconfident (t(323) = 5.88, p < .01). However, students were generally overconfident about their performance on the misconceptions questionnaire. The endorsement of psychological misconceptions was strongly related to overconfidence (r = .80, p < .01 for undergraduate students, r = .78, p < .01 for graduate students). This result provides a clear evidence for Dunning-Kruger effect in this domain: the less students know about psychological misconceptions, the more they overestimate their knowledge. Three measures of analytic style were negatively correlated with the endorsement of psychological misconceptions in both undergraduate and graduate students (correlations coefficients ranged from -.20 to -.47). Paranormal beliefs were positively correlated with the endorsement of misconceptions, and negatively to analytic thinking style. The possible sources of the relationship between thinking styles and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions were discussed, as well as the theoretical and practical implications of the obtained results.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: HRZZ 4139
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
URL Internet adrese: http://stup.ff.uns.ac.rs/knijgarezime.pdf
Upisao u CROSBI: Pavle Valerjev (valerjev@unizd.hr), 23. Lis. 2017. u 13:51 sati



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