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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 950114

Zbornik radova

Autori: Sudić, Mislav
Naslov: Metakognitivna sigurnost pri deontičkom rasuđivanju moralnim i konvencionalnim pravilima
Izvornik: XXIV Naučni Skup Empirijska istraživanja u psihologiji - Knjiga rezimea
Skup: XXIV Naučni Skup Empirijska istraživanja u psihologiji
Mjesto i datum: Beograd, Srbija, 23-25.03.2018.
Ključne riječi: metakognicija, moralno rasuđivanje, konvencije, deontička logika
Sažetak:
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of moral content on final confidence and performance on deontic tasks. Typically, the component of “moral accuracy” tends to be left out from morality experiments, which partially limits insights into background cognitive processess. As a normative framework for determining accuracy this study uses deontic logic, i.e. logic of rules. The experiment (N=78) was carried out using deontic tasks, while manipulating three levels of content: moral, conventional and abstract. In the procedure, subjects were first asked to memorize a given law. Every law consisted of two distinct rules (e.g. “It’s obligatory to write the homework”). After that, they were presented with specific cases (“John didn’t write the homework”), and tasked with determining the deontic relationship with the memorized law (John is in violation). There are three possible deontic relationships: (1) in violation, (2) in line, and (3) supererogatory (beyond the call of duty). It was considered normatively correct to punish violators, ignore those in line, and reward the supererogatory (John should be punished). Time and normative accuracy were recorded, as well as confidence assessments after each set of “judgments”. There were 12 laws in total, four per content. Results indicate a significant content effect on confidence levels [F(2, 154)=5.31, p<.01] with highest level of confidence after moral reasoning. Similar pattern was found for content effect on accuracy [F(2, 160)=19.16, p<.01], while response times were lower in the presence of concrete content [F(2, 160)=7.65, p<.01].]. Additionally, three regression analyses were performed (for each rule content separately), where the criterion was metacognitive confidence, and predictors response time and accuracy. All three regression models were significant [R2(2, 75)=0.22-0.26, p<.01]. Level of confidence correlated negatively with response time, and positively with accuracy. These results are in line with previous reasoning research within the dual processing paradigm. In conclusion, the presence of moral content increases confidence, and confidence correlates with performance on the deontic reasoning task.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Domaća recenzija
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Psihologija
URL Internet adrese: http://empirijskaistrazivanja.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/2018-KNJIGA-REZIMEA.pdf
Upisao u CROSBI: Mislav Sudić (msudic@student.unizd.hr), 7. Kol. 2018. u 19:43 sati



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