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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 523843

Zbornik radova

Autori: Banovac, Boris
Naslov: The Dynamics of Ethno-National Identification and Ethnic Conflict - Institutional and Societal Aspects
Izvornik:
Skup: 16th Annual World Convention of the Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN) - “Charting the Nation between State and Society”
Mjesto i datum: New York, SAD, 14-16 April 2011
Ključne riječi: Ethno-National Identification; Ethic Conflict; Integrative Approach; Social Integration;
Sažetak:
Multiethnic composition of local communities is a common phenomenon in modern societies. Although cultural and political differences may make the tensions and conflicts between groups, experiences in various societies confirm the assumption that belief in "bloodties" does not necessarily end up in "rivers of blood" (Horowitz). There are numerous examples where ethnic groups live peacefully side by side, irrespective of cultural diversity, symbolic, political and economic characteristics. However, it must be recognized that cases in which the differences are converted into latent and manifest forms of tensions and conflict are easy to find.The paper consists of two parts. In the first part of the paper the theoretical and methodological dilemmas in research of ethno-national identification and ethnic conflict are discussed. The starting point in this paper is a general assumption that the conflict (or peaceful) outcomes in multiethnic areas are associated with the complex dynamics of ethno-national identification. In methodological terms, the author argues for an integrative approach in which quantitative methods (such as surveys and content analysis) in the research of ethno-national identification should be combined with qualitative research methods (interviews, discourse analysis, oral history).The necessity of an integrative approach has been argued in the second part of the paper that presents the most important results of empirical studies of ethno-national identification, which the author of the paper conducted in more than a decade in multiethnic areas of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Starting from the concept of social integration, it focuses on the interaction between the two groups of factors affecting the ethno-national identification. The first consists of structural features of communities that are primarily determined by the impact of social institutions. The second is concerning the activities of different social actors operating on national, regional and local levels. The results of quantitative research show that there are significant differences in the openness of ethnic boundaries and trust in social institutions between conflict areas and the peaceful ones. Nevertheless, quantitative analysis fails to explain the subtle interrelationships between and within areas of ethnic conflict and those of ethnic peace, especially when it comes to the complex action of social actors such as representatives and coalitions of political, cultural, religious and entrepreneurial elite groups at national and local levels. The complex dynamics of ethno-national identification at the local level necessitates the additional use of qualitative methods, which, despite their subjectivity and shortcomings, can substantially contribute to a better understanding of the social process of construction of ethnic identity and ethnic conflict.
Vrsta sudjelovanja: Predavanje
Vrsta prezentacije u zborniku: Sažetak
Vrsta recenzije: Međunarodna recenzija
Projekt / tema: 115-1301180-0803
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Sociologija
Upisao u CROSBI: mmrakovcic@pravri.hr (mmrakovcic@pravri.hr), 1. Ruj. 2011. u 17:04 sati



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