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Autori: Borjan, Etami
Naslov: Rethinking the Traditional in Ethnographic Film: Representation, Ethics and Indigeneity
Izvornik: Etnološka tribina : godišnjak Hrvatskog etnološkog društva (0351-1944) (2013)
Status rada: prihvaćen
Ključne riječi: postcolonial ethnographic film; auto-ethnography; indigenous cinema and media; collaborative ethnographic film; community ethnographic film; experimental ethnographic film
Sažetak:
Ethnographic film is not only a representation of reality but also a construction and an interpretation of another culture based on codes from the ethno-cineaste’s own culture. We are challenged to pose the question whether it is possible to present the knowledge of others “differently” – that is to question historically, culturally, politically and ideologically conditioned mechanisms of interpretation, putting on stake current practices and conventions of our own culture. Therefore it is necessary to examine our inscriptions of the cultural Other to uncover the ways in our interpretations reproduce hegemonic discourse. If few decades ago exploring other cultures meant exploring films about “them” as opposed to “us”, the recent ethnographic film production has made this clear-cut boundary quite blurred. In postcolonial ethnographic film the subjects are asserting their right to control their own image. The traditional “voice of God” has become one among many and it has lost its absolute authority. “Their” voices are being represented too and they have an opportunity to engage in the ways they wish to represent themselves. Their embodied experience on screen reconfigured the representation ; they are no longer studied objects, but active voices in the production of their own filmic text and discourse. The move towards shared authorship or subject-generated films seems sound at the first glance but it leaves us with many open questions. Ethnographic film theory and criticism has been an ongoing discussion of issues of objectivity, subjectivity, realism, narrative structure, authorship, “indigenous knowledge” and ethical questions of representation. Images create concepts as well as embody cultural concepts. Images enact symbolic forms of power. Therefore representing the Other raises the question of responsibility and legitimacy ; of power and authorship. It also questions the values that images have in Western cultures as opposed to non-Western worlds. Collaborative film, indigenous media, auto-ethnography are just some of the examples of new forms of shared authorship between the filmmaker and the studied subjects. Postcolonial ethnographic films are primarily politically and socially engaged works, and their main goal is to revise the terms of realist representation. Thus image is not perceived as a pure representation but as a political act and a tool for controlling one’s cultural identity.
Projekt / tema: 130-1301070-1055
Izvorni jezik: ENG
Kategorija: Znanstveni
Znanstvena područja:
Znanost o umjetnosti
Tiskani medij: da
Upisao u CROSBI: Etami Borjan (eborjan@ffzg.hr:etamiborjan@gmail.com), 25. Stu. 2013. u 12:23 sati



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